Project Rain Gauge
Project Rain Gauge (PRG) is a joint undertaking of Smart Communications, Inc. (SMART)
and Manila Observatory’s KLIMA Climate Change Center, in cooperation with the Philippine
Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the
Department of Education.
Project Rain Gauge aims to spark awareness in the study of earth science by building
online meteorological data provided by a network of public high schools who monitor
and record rainfall observations around the country. It also assists in disaster
preparedness by providing a community-based early warning system for possible natural
disasters like landslides and flash floods.
Importance of Rainfall Monitoring
Rainfall rate and quantity interact with many other factors to influence erosion,
vegetative cover, groundwater recharge, stream water chemistry and runoff of nonpoint
source pollution into streams.
Rainfall observations from various sites are especially significant in the Philippines
because of the country's mountainous terrains and islands. The Philippines is vulnerable
to extreme rainfall events, i.e., droughts and excessive rain. These events have
had significants impacts on the different sectors of the society (e.g. agriculture
and energy) and on society itself (e.g. when rainfall triggered landslides occur).
Hence, it is critical to monitor rainfall amounts especially in the light of future
climate change. Unfortunately, data from global models and the existing limited
number of ground stations do not capture the fine-scale rainfall patterns necessary
to describe the local climate. The addition of rain gauges in different parts of
the country is valuable for rainfall monitoring.
Project Rain Gauge endeavors to create a network of ground stations across the country
via the Smart Schools Program (SSP), SMART’s
community service initiative for education, to provide supplementary data on local
rainfall measurement in specific areas. Rainfall observations performed and
recorded by the schools can be used for more accurate weather reporting and forecasting
in local communities.
The first phase of Project Rain Gauge trained teachers from 17 SSP schools located
in disaster-prone areas. The pilot schools echo-trained other SSP partner schools
near their respective divisions and added 33 more public schools in the PRG network.
Aside from the training, the new PRG member schools were also given manual rain
With proper nurturance of our country’s young minds, we will enjoy a scientific
understanding of rain and better means of responding to the changes in our environmental